Blockchain is a top technology of the future that can be defined as a peer-to-peer infrastructure where nodes coordinate the processing of transactions while the history of transactions is kept in blocks. Blockchain eliminates the weaknesses of the trust-based model by solving the double-spending problem in a peer-to-peer network and allowing direct online data transmission. Blockchain increases integrity and availability, removes single points of failure as data is stored across multiple nodes, and keeps the information up-to-date.
Open science is a new movement in science that promotes principles of open access to research data, publications, and scientific collaboration. Open science promises to increase transparency and quality of research, provide reproducibility by reusing scientific datasets and increasing trust in the scientific collaboration. Blockchain fits the mindset of open science and can help to fulfill open science principles: transparency and availability of blockchain makes scientific outputs open & transparent; disintermediation removes subjectivity from scientific reviews; integrity and possibility to secure transactions in the competing environment increases trust in scientific results; smart contracts allows to manage access to scientific outputs; immutability represents precise relationships between the works with such features as richness, time-based relationships, and logical precursors.
Well-defined business network representations are central when developing applications in hyperledger composer. In simple terms, this is where we define the assets, transactions over assets and, relations across participants and merchants participating in the market; this is where data and smart contracts are defined. Initially, we are modifying existing business networks; by adapting these to open science use cases. The use cases grow in complexity as they integrate and interoperate with each other; resembling thus the behaviour of open science data and applications. This is an open initiative, everyone is welcome to participate.